We recommend that you keep up-to-date with your Smears, routinely every three years. We will send a reminder when it is due so you can then contact Reception to make your appointment. Please discuss with your GP or nurse if you have any questions or concerns regarding having a smear.
As one of the most preventable of all cancers, there are two things you can do to prevent cervical cancer. These are:
- Having your regular cervical screening test (women aged 20 – 70 years) and any follow up treatment if required.
- Having your HPV immunisation (girls & boys from age 9).
Screening and immunisation are the most effective protection against cervical
- Cervical cancer is caused by certain types of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a very common virus passed on by sexual contact.
- Most people will come into contact with HPV at some stage during their life. Most HPV infections clear by themselves, but some high-risk types can cause cell changes on the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer 10 to 20 years after infection. Other types can cause genital warts, but these strains do not lead to cancer.
- A woman’s best protection against developing cervical cancer is having regular cervical smear tests. A cervical smear test is a screening test to find abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix.
- HPV testing may sometimes be carried out to see if certain high-risk types of HPV are present in the cervix. This helps to define the risk of cervical cancer.
- Immunisation is now available to protect women against two common types of HPV (types 16 and 18) that cause around 70 percent of cervical cancer.
- The vaccine does not protect against all HPV types; therefore, women who have been immunised must still continue to have smear tests.
- Regular cervical smear tests every three years are recommended for women, if they have ever been sexually active, from the age of 20 until they turn 70.
- Having regular cervical smears can reduce a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer by 90 percent.